Hist 1700 – Outline

OUTLINE

The Native Americans were of absolute importance to whichever side they joined during the colonial and post-revolutionary America. The indigenous people assisted in teaching the European American how to fight with hit and run tactics, more suitable to the American continent as well as how to plant and gather food in a manner that suited the land. During wars, such as the French-Indian War or the Revolutionary War, the American Indians were drafted to assist both sides of the wars for added numbers, learning new strategies of warfare as well as the layout of the land as applicable to army management and battle field warfare.

  1. The Native Americans teach the European American their warfare tactics of hit and run.
    1. Wayne E. Lee, “Early American Ways of War: A New Reconnaissance”, Historical Journal 44, no. 1 (March 2001): 269-289.
  2. The Native Americans provided enough numbers to either side to make a difference.
    1. Wayne E. Lee, “Using the Natives against the Natives: Indigenes as ‘Counterinsurgents’ in the British Atlantic, 1500-1800”, Defense Studies 10, no. ½ (March 2010): 88-105.
  3. The Native Americans are essential in the European American man warfare, as shown by their knowledge of the layout and strategies applicable to the land.
    1. Raymond Wilson, “Native American and European encounters in North America”, Journal Of American Ethnic History 16, no. 4 (Summer 1197): 89.

There are some scholars, who say that the Native Americans were of close to no importance during the war, that their numbers weren’t relevant as they were added to both sides and that their hit and run tactics as well as knowledge of the land also benefited both sides of most wars that they participated in, though, there is evidence that more often than not, their influence affected the outcome of a war, or at the very least, of some decisive battles.

In conclusion, the Native Americans did indeed matter, to a great amount, in the warfare of the European American, and that can even be extended to say that without the indigenous people of the Americas, the European American would not have had a nearly as successful entry to the land, likely failing to get by during times of scarce food, or during any wars where the opposite side had the help of the Native Americans.

Annotated Bibliography: Proposal – Little Red

Malcolm Silva

Professor Holly Guile

English 1010 – 077

02 November 2014

Annotated Bibliography: Proposal – Little Red

Gizelle Anzures. “Minimizing Skin Color Differences Does Not Eliminate the Own-Race Recognition Advantage in Infants.” Infancy Volume 16. Issue 6 (2011): 640-654. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 Nov. 2014.

Researched and written by Gizelle Anzures, Olivier Pascalis, Paul C. Quinn, Alan M. Slater and Kang Lee. Experimented with the ability of Caucasian infants 6-9 months old to recognize same-race and other-race adults, based on facial features alone. The tests included slides of adults, with non-facial features such as hair, ears and neck hidden from view, in grayscale and in full color.

The article was chosen for its study of the ORE (Other-Race Effect), while minimizing the influence of non-racial specific features like hair, ears and neck. Comparing how well Caucasian infants at the ages of 6 and 9 months can recognize same-race adults vs. other-race adults based on plain facial features, as well as seeing how much influence skin color had on the recognition.

Overall, the findings indicated that regardless of skin color presence, Caucasian infants still exhibit a higher recognition rate for same-face races over other-race faces (ORE).

The research had the fault of not testing recognition when time to become familiar with one other-race face was given, basing itself solely on first impressions.

 

Sandy Sangrigoli. “Recognition of own-race and other-race face by three-month-old-infants.” Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry. Volume 45. Issue 7 (2004): 1219-1227. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 Nov. 2014.

Researched and written by Sandy Sangrigoli and Scanie De Schonen. Experimented with the ability of Caucasian infants, at the age of 3 months, to recognize same-race and other-race faces, with or without familiarity to the face.

The article was chosen for its introduction to short-term and longer-term familiarity of the faces recognition was being tested on, comparing Caucasian infants recognition ability of adult Caucasian faces and of adult Asian faces.

The findings indicate that 3 month-old infants have the same ability to recognize same-race and other-race faces, given that they have time to familiarize themselves with one face, but show better recognition of same-race faces when no time to become familiar is given.

The research included removing non-facial features, such as hair, ears and neck form the slides presented, as well as the increase of recognition over time given for familiarization.

 

Shaoying Liy. “Development of Recognition of Face parts from Unfamiliar Face.” Infant and Child Development. Volume 22. Issue 2 (2013): 165-179. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 Nov. 2014.

Researched and written by Shaoying Liu, Gizelle Anzures, Liezhong Ge, Paul C. Quinn, Olivier Pascalis, Alan M. Slater, James W. Tanaka and Kang Lee. Experimented with the ability of 8-9 year olds, 13-14 year olds and adults to recognize inner-face and outter-face features.

The article was chosen for covering, though in a broad way, the ability of the main age groups after infancy to recognize facial features. The researched did not include racial distinction, as all who were a part of the experiment were Han Chinese.

The findings indicate that 8-9 year olds could not distinguish single features, but only full faces, 13-14 year olds could distinguish one mouth from another, but varying results with regards to the eyes, and the adults could distinguish one set of isolated eyes better than any other group.

The research cannot be considered as thorough as the previous 2, but when studied along with the other two, provides some insight as to what comes after the other 2.

Proposal – Little Red

Malcolm Silva

Professor Holly Guile

English 1010 – 077

02 November 2014

 

Proposal – Little Red

I have noticed, as I am sure many others have, that racial profiling is apparent in too many environments and sometimes the reason why is not understood. For example, why would a small child decide to cross a snow packed road instead of crossing near someone with darker skin?[1]

Many have studied how children react to own-race faces, as well as other-race faces, and have come to the knowledge that losing the ability to recognize other races as equals is lost over time, due primarily to lack of familiarity with other races. It has been proven that 3-month-old infants actually are able to recognize same-race and other-race faces equally when given the same amount of time to familiarize themselves.[2] It was later proven that from the age of 6-months to the age of 9-months, this ability is lost.[3]

The similarity between the studies lies in the fact that all infants participating had no direct contact with other-race faces, except for the unavoidable street encounter or similar, but their families did not mingle with other races, they had not been cared for by other races nor did they play with infants of other races.

The pattern found here indicates a problem that may start off small, but would end up in alienation from other races. It is a fact that humans fear the unknown, we don’t want to meddle with it and fear what it may change or damage in our lives. It is not different for fearing races that we are not familiar with, and it starts with simply not recognizing someone with another-race face as quickly as we recognize one of our own.

The solution to this problem is a simple one, striving to allow infants more time to socialize and familiarize themselves with other races. The process does not need to be any different than that of raising a pup by making sure that it meets visitors that come to your house, and that it familiarizes itself with people of all ages while going for walks, it keeps them from being estranged, fearful, and, fate-bound to be aggressive when meeting an unfamiliar type of person. Though people are much less prone to the animalistic reaction of biting and scratching, our estrangement can cause problems on a much larger scale, along the lines of apartheids and civil wars.

 

[1] Hyuumaru [Malcolm Silva]. “Problematizing: Little Red.” Hyuumaru.com. 28 September 2014. Web. Accessed 02 November 2014.

[2] Sandy Sangrigoli. “Recognition of own-race and other-race face by three-month-old-infants.” Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry. Volume 45. Issue 7 (2004): 1219-1227. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 Nov. 2014.

[3] Gizelle Anzures. “Minimizing Skin Color Differences Does Not Eliminate the Own-Race recognition Advantage in Infants.” Infancy Volume 16. Issue 6 (2011): 640-654. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 Nov. 2014.

Pet peeves.

My pet peeves would have to start with the imperfect not knowing themselves. I am the annoying version of a perfectionist.. I hate bad amateur cosplayers comparing themselves to people who dedicate their lives to it and are amazing at it. I hate moms telling children that they are as good as X person at everything when not necessary for morale reasons. I hate bad musicians comparing themselves to “the greats”. I understand practice and development take time, but those practicing need to wait until the latter days of their practice to talk themselves up.

Morale boosts are morale boosts, but lies are lies, no more, no less. Telling someone they are something they aren’t is no more than a lie that can cripple and ruin someones mindset and progress.

What book/movie should everyone read/watch?

Saying that there is a specific book or movie that everyone should read is hard. No book or movie thesis has to apply to everyone, not everyone is looking for the same things, but no one gets this question and is expected to say The Bible or a popular textbook, and even those can be argued for the point of not applying to all.

However, to all whom I can share myself with, if there is any similarity to how we process emotion, I would offer Tomorrow When the War Began by John Marsden. The way it describes emotion in detail makes the unbelievable story feel all too real. Other books have brought me to tears, some made me laugh out loud and others changed my life, but John Marsden writing simply makes me feel, and just thinking of how the feelings are described gets my hands shaking and makes any and all of my current emotional issues feel useless when compared to these all too fictional characters that single handily win a war.

What is important?

I’d want to go into respect and common decency, but they are both pretty complex.

It is, however, of vital importance that it happen and be worked on, my main issue is with religious people using the fact that things like homosexuality are wrong to them, and make it seem like it should be oppressed, the fact their belief calls it a sin shouldn’t be a reason to shun, if it is, what work is left for the Deities on judgement day? And what is the difference from that sin to the ones they themselves commit? None for both questions.

It is my opinion, as a religious person myself, that those who make it a point to shun or oppress those that live different lifestyles than themselves, are simply taking upon themselves the sins of those being oppressed. I don’t say this as though they are doing a favor to the oppressed, it is an unwilling thing as far as I am concerned.

Nothing I could call a God would have someone be judged for their sins in the mortal life and still be punished for it in the next.

Ashes to Ashes (A movie/book that should be forgotten)

Some books take cliche and make something useful of it, cliche isn’t bad, saying it is bad is the same as calling stereotypes bad, they are there for a reason. From Gandalf only appearing when the dwarves were about dead to black people needing to act up and be territorial, they all started somewhere, and with cliches, we are supposed to not be able to hold back a grin, or that feeling that we can be superheroes once it’s done, even if we see them coming… Some, however… Just ruin it.

City of Bones/Glass/Ashes would be one book series that takes it too far, where is the challenge in making the main character fall for the blonde bad ass that is the most powerful of his race in generations? It can’t even be called juvenile writing, it’s childish at best. The story doesn’t have cliches to enhance itself and heighten moods, but rather a list of cliches to write a story.

A bad ass blond teen, that could take on his entire race of Seraphs (half angel, half humans), with the chipped tooth, who despises the main character initially until they both fall for each other is not a story line, its an overuse of cliches that gives them a bad name… and it is a pretty sad thing when something is bad enough to make the already prejudiced idea of cliches worse.

Speaking to Strangers – Public Speaking class

Talking to strangers: Malcolm Silva

Talking to strangers was one assignment I was personally not looking forward to. I dislike it when strangers walk up to me for no necessary reason, and following the golden rule, also dislike doing so to others.

I spoke to 5 strangers, the majority in semi-comfortable environments. Just didn’t fit in the 6th because I was mentally done with the assignment and not willing to do it much more, not asking to be excused for it, just stating that it was a conscious decision.

Since I was already going to be out of my comfort zone, I decided I should at least be prepared beforehand and read up on the article provided as the guide for the assignment, so I had in mind body language, openness and the response of others as I fulfilled the assignment. I spoke to one person in my institute class, two on UVU campus, one during a lunch break at Wendy’s and the last one may be considered a less faithful to the project one, but I spoke to a semi-coworker in India, though I made sure the initial conversation with this specific person wasn’t work related, and I hate speaking non-work subjects with my coworkers, which is why I still personally qualify it for the assignment, my goal was to speak at that moment for the assignment.

I am not the type of person to walk around in a group, so I would say the stranger at my institute class and the semi coworker to be would be the cases where I was “with a group of peers”, whereas the Wendy’s encounter, and the 2 at UVU campus were the one-on-one encounters.

I noticed that more often than not, the reason I don’t have elongated conversations with people I don’t know too well or strangers is based on my own body language. I often close out, not intentionally, but I do. I believe I get intimidated in some of the conversations, for example, at institute, the stranger was another man, 2 years older than me, who I decided to speak to because he had read the Book of Mormon in Portuguese, and since I was raised in Brazil, I wanted to know why he chose to read it in that language, instead of us standing, I was sitting in a chair, and he sat on the desk, ending up above me, this is where I first noticed myself closing up, I didn’t want to look up at him, so I hardly made eye contact, my body language must have suggested I wasn’t much interested in continuing the conversation after my initial query was met, it wasn’t productive, and I may have even given the impression that I just wanted the conversation to end and for him to leave me alone, because he did shortly after.

I also noticed that I am more comfortable with computers, it was through a video chat program that I spoke to the new coworker to be from India, I asked to train a new group of outsourced employees for my company, and I was told there would be their supervisor, who was aware of the company, but not too familiar with it, so, on the premise that their supervisor should be more familiar with the company to better represent it and to not alienate him and those who would be below him, that I should introduce myself, and make him feel more comfortable with the idea and know that though it was a work relationship, that the company was made of good people, same as anywhere else. I don’t like mixing business and pleasure/leisure at all, it annoys me to no end when others do, but I tried doing so for the sake of this assignment. Mahdy was closed at first from what I could tell, he was probably wondering “why does this guy want to speak to me alone before the training even starts?”, and since I was the more experienced employee for the company, and the one to do the welcoming, that is what I did, for this, since I knew very well everything about the company, what we’re all about and how we like to do things, I was a lot more confident in what I was saying and was able to open up more, and even to get him to open up more, he started with little to say, but through asking him questions about what he thought of the idea of working with the company, and what his expectations were, he started to open up, I tried throwing in some humor to the conversation as well, some computer jokes that only insiders get, and luckily, he got most of them, so, by the end we were able to both speak freely to each other, and due to that, we were more in sync for handling the training process for the week after that, since he knew he could trust me with questions and not feel like he had to handle any questions the trainees had on his own.

The interaction at Wendy’s was pretty straightforward and not much worth note, I was able to remain overall open, eating fast food is somewhere I am awfully comfortable  and the conversation was simple, I said “Hi”, she was a pretty brunette, we talked about how sad it was when there were 2 cashiers and we both got the new one who we had to repeat our order to 3 times before actually moving on, and a small joke or another was made, and we both left with our food. There were no problems with rejection, we both agreed that new cashiers were always a fun experience, and that was it.

Speaking to other students at campus would be the “fun” examples, I spoke to one male and one female, I guess speaking to only females would be sort of cheating, the guy was not too happy I walked up to him and started speaking, we were both walking in the same direction and I decided to just ask how things were going, and how his day was, he looked at me annoyed and said a simple “fine” and kept walking without much more, I made another comment on how the day was being awfully slow, didn’t get a second glance from it… I don’t think I had any sort of “closed” body language, I was just walking to my second class of the day, and I don’t see a reason to close myself when I’m walking in public-ish spaces, but I guess he was busy or simple not interested, who knows?

The last subject of test was another female, also a student on UVU campus, a pretty redhead, and though she wasn’t against speaking to people, she didn’t seem too much for it either. Same as with the guy we were both walking in the same direction, to my public speaking class this time, and I said “Hi”, asked how she was, and though the answers weren’t monosyllabic, they were still along the lines of “I have no idea why this guy is talking to me…”. I noticed she had a drawing sketch book among her materials, and asked what kind of art she was interested in, to test getting her to open up, as the article suggests, but to no avail, the conversation was over as soon as there was an excuse to walk a slightly different path, in this case, just forking the path and walking awkwardly on different sides of a hallway like structure for about 50ft.

Trying to get people to open up is where I struggled most, though I tried with questions, it may have been my body language once more, though I didn’t notice myself closing up, I may have, can’t say for sure… But I still dislike talking to strangers, and hope I don’t get caught by someone in your next few classes.

Speaker Evaluation #1 – Public Speaking class

Speaker Evaluation #1

 

I sort of cheated for this paper once more. I usually don’t like seminars, or single person presentations, unless its comedy, and high level comedy at that. Other single person speeches just feel too egocentric in my mind, I feel like there is too much opinion to them, and sharing an opinion needs to go through more than one person. But I did go out of my comfort zone, and I did look at it with an outsider point of view, in an attempt to take the most in from the experience.

I went to a slam poetry sessionJ. I worked on a paper for my English class with a girl who is really into poetry, Amy, and though we had very little in common technically, different upbringings, different social circles entirely (clearly) and though we had different ideas on things as a general, she was heading to the session right after class, and I tagged along.

These sessions are very informal, there is a respectful reverence among the audience, since most people there will have a turn speaking to the others. The way it works is whoever brought something, or people who want to just make something up on the spot, go up to the front of the room, and let it out. It is a very open environment, people talk about the most varied subjects, politics, sexuality, crossing with strangers who smile, or about feeling lost in a busy world or a busy family.

Though the speakers are very open thanks to just how the group works as a whole, they might not make the technically best speakers for formal environments, but that isn’t a problem here, the audience is involved the whole time, in all ways, and the speakers are excellent at facial expressions, they don’t allow their words alone to tell the story, there is always a sneaky smile, or a questioning expression to emphasize “Hey! This is my point, and I do care about it, do you?” They don’t apologize, and the environment doesn’t require it in any way. They don’t just know their audience, but they create it, which is why I love occasions where the speech is shared.

The only fault I could claim here would be that in a different environment the speeches may not be as well respected, the main reason for the openness and involvement is that it is how the entire environment works, but in most other environments the respect from the audience isn’t a given, and the presenters here may not be able to demand that without being more dramatic than they need to in this environment. But it is still my opinion that they wouldn’t need to speak at formal environments, and don’t care to. The idea is not that facts mean everything, but how the facts feel to you, and how they can change you, which formal presentations don’t care for, and those are two different environments that by no means have to mix.

Overall I loved the speeches and the environment as a whole, it is my kind of place, the place where I’d be willing to share my own thoughts and where I can easily get myself involved into what is being said, and can get interested in the topics, whether they have an entirely technical counterpart not mentioned in the speech or not, it is enough to get me on it.

My most boring class on campus.

So far, the least interesting class I have to attend would have to be Public Speaking. The idea passed about the class is highly misleading I’ve learned.

The idea given is that the students will be taught to speak publicly, to learn to control or disguise anxiety issues. However, the text is hardly adhered to, the class is spent idolizing the toastmaster champion of 2008.

I couldn’t care less about someone who was elected by people with no feedback outside of their own isolated self-appraised group, as a champion of the same isolated self-appraised sport. My goal in college is to broaden my mind, not to learn about a self isolated group, nor to be told that I should praise them. Teach me about them, sure, but don’t say that spending 14 months on a single speech to impress a self-isolated group is an appraise worthy lifestyle, it is not.

No input from the professor on the text takes place, we are requested to outline each chapter, and he couldn’t care less if we actually learn the content, allowing us to write down word for word the titles of each section and grading it as well as anyone who puts effort into it.

The class is full of unnecessary busywork, all things that take time, and that are hardly looked into. We have had 2 out of class assignments so far, one to speak to 6 strangers, and another to evaluate a speaker, and though I have actually done neither, and just made up stories that a 4th grader could have made up, I still got very near to the highest possible score. Making up situations and stories simply to practice my own storytelling and writing.

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